This bird represents the Good News. Hummingbird, indeed. It is a little, vibrant bird. They are available in the colors brown, blue, green, purple, red, and pink. But this bird needs special attention. Read this blog to learn how to take care of them and what to feed them.


  • They are typically little birds, measuring three to five inches in length.
  • They can take nectar from blooms using their long, slender beaks.
  • Their feathers can be any hue, from brown to blue, green, purple, red, and pink, and are frequently iridescent.

Scientific Name



  • The ancestral hummingbirds diverged from the swifts and treeswifts about 42 million years ago, most likely in Eurasia, according to the new, time-calibrated evolutionary tree.
  • The ancestor species of all current hummingbirds arrived in South America some 22 million years ago, which is when things really took off.

Physical Description


  • Mostly, they are in green and gray color.
  • The brilliant crimson, almost pink, feathers on the male’s head and throat might appear drab brown in the absence of sunlight.
  • Some species have dull plumage, and in many species, the females are less colorful than the males. Not all of them are glossy and brilliant.

Weight & Size

  • The tiniest species of birds in the world are hummingbirds.
  • It stands barely taller than three inches and weighs no more than a cent.
  • Typically, a little hummingbird weighs between 0.1 and 0.2 ounces (less than the weight of a marshmallow).


  • Their wingspan is about 3-4inches. 


Nocturnal Behavior

  • They frequently choose a wind-sheltered twig to spend the night on.
  • Additionally, throughout the winter, they are capable of torpor, a deep sleep-like state.
  • The peculiar behavior is typically associated with cold nights, but it can also occur during the day when they become tame. 

Feeding Behavior

  • They eat up to 8 times per hour.
  • Each feeding session is about 1 minute.
  • Sugar makes up the majority of their diet.
  • The nectar from the blooms is consumed by them.

Mating Behavior

  • Males are aggressive in their pursuit of females.
  • On occasion, the female will bring the male to the location of her nest.
  • The male will begin the wooing show or make loud courtship sounds. She generally gestures her bill in his direction to express her interest.

Flying Behavior

  • They can fly backwards, hover, and even upside-down.
  • During straight-line migration, they can reach respectable forward speeds of 40 kph or more.
  • Hummingbirds don’t push off with their legs like many other birds do; instead, they reach their top speed practically immediately after leaving a perch.

Humming Bird Food

  • They consume a sufficient amount of it by eating gnats, mosquitoes, and fruit flies, among other small insects.
  • They also consume spiders.
  • As young hummingbirds seek sustenance and get ready for all migration, it is especially crucial that they have access to a variety of food sources such sugar water, flowers, and bugs.


  • They can live around 3-5 years. 

Habitat & Range

  • Hummingbird inhabit a range of environments at various heights.
  • The Andes Mountains will have them ranging from sea level to fourteen thousand (14,000) feet above sea level.
  • The majority of this species enjoy the habitat in Central and South America and remain here all year.

Humming Bird Nest

  • Neither nest boxes nor tree cavities are used by this bird.
  • Instead, they typically construct their nests in protected trees or bushes, frequently in a fork of a limb.
  • By cultivating a variety of green trees and big shrubs that offer protection at various heights, you can improve your own their habitat.


  • The life cycle of this bird begins within an egg, just like that of other birds. Eggs begin to grow in the female’s body 24 to 30 hours after a pair has mated.
  • In most cases, they lay two eggs, one at a time, separated by one to two days.


  • The egg of this creature is white, elliptical in shape, and small—about the size of a small jelly bean.
  • Most are less than a gram, or the weight of a paperclip!
  • The life cycle of this bird begins within an egg, just like that of other birds.

Care For Humming Bird

  • They require unique care. Teenage hummingbirds require warmth since they are unable to control their body temperatures. You could give the hummer some honey for energy if it is hurt or too worn out to fly.
  • Don’t push the hummingbird to drink if he or she refuses. Once trained specialists can be reached, provide the nectar every 30 minutes.
  • To prevent upsetting and stressing the bird further, keep children and dogs away.
  • In addition to eating spiders for nutrition, it frequently use the silk from spider webs to construct their nests.

Humming Bird Feeder

  • They may be drawn to a feeder by hanging it at an open door or by placing one there.
  • Late April or early May marks the beginning of their migration to their northern ranges. The best time to clean, refill, and prepare feeders for thirsty visitors is no later than the first week of May.
  • While mild sunshine might increase a hummingbird feeder’s visibility to passing birds, direct sunlight can also hasten the spoilage of nectar. The best approach may be to place feeders where they will be protected from the intense afternoon sun. 

How to make Humming Bird Food?

  • Until the sugar is dissolved, combine 1 part sugar with 4 parts water (for instance, 1 cup of sugar with 4 cups of water). Don’t include red dye.
  • Place the sugar water in your hummingbird feeders outside. Refrigerators can be used to store extra sugar water.

Prey & Predators

  • Hummingbird mostly eat small insects.
  • They may be preyed upon by large birds like hawks, owls, crows, roadrunners, orioles, grackles, gulls, and herons. 

Humming Bird Migration

  • Numerous spend the winter in Central America or Mexico before migrating north to their breeding sites in the southern and western states of the United States as early as February.
  • Later in the spring, they move further north. 


  • The population of this bird is about 34,000,000.  

Conservation & Threats

  • There are many reason due to which they face problems.
  • Habitat loss, cats and due to bad weather their population is declining.
  • By providing them a clean environment and pollution free surrounding we can save them. 

Reference Link


What is the longest lived Humming Bird? 

A female Broad-tailed Hummingbird held the record for the longest lifespan of any hummingbird.

What flower do Hummingbirds like best?

The greatest nectar is typically produced by tubular, brightly colored flowers because they are particularly alluring to hummingbirds. These include several annuals, such as cleomes, impatiens, and petunias, as well as perennials like bee balms, columbines, daylilies, and lupines as well as biennials like foxgloves and hollyhocks.

Are Hummingbirds friendly?

They won’t become hostile or purposefully hurt people. In a confrontational situation, individuals are more likely to run than to fight if they feel threatened in any manner. A little possibility exists that a hummingbird will assault a person.

Is tap water Okay for Hummingbirds?

Four parts water to one part sugar is the normal ratio for handmade hummingbird nectar, or two cups of water for every half cup of sugar or four cups of water for every cup of sugar. I’m done now. Use of tap water is generally acceptable.

Are Hummingbird nests rare?

All hummingbird nests share a lot in common, despite the fact that each of the 17 hummingbird species that breed in North America builds slightly distinct nests in various settings.