Cockatiel

Today we will discuss Cockatiel. They are very friendly and you can domesticate them. Having them as a pet is quiet because they can adjust anywhere. But, do you know their lifespan varies in captive and wild? To know about their lifespan read this blog. 

Introduction

  • They are distinctive and fascinating parrots that frequently make extremely devoted friends.
  • It has a gray body with an orange cheek patch, a yellow face, and a yellow crest. In the male, the hues on the face are more intense and dazzling. The female’s tail feathers have bars on the underside.
  • They make kind pets.
  • They are typically accepted in apartments and fit in tiny houses.
  • Your Cockatiel and you can connect in a multitude of entertaining ways; they enjoy being caressed but will also be happy just hanging out with you.

Scientific Name

Nymphicus hollandicus

Full History Of This Bird

  • They are known as quarrions in their native Australia.
  • They are mainly found in the Outback, which is located in the continent’s north.
  • They are the tiniest cockatoos and were first identified around 1770.
  • They share a lot of traits and behaviors with the larger bird. They coexist in sizable flocks in the wild.
  • They became popular as pets during the 1900s. It is said they are easy to care for as a pet and have very friendly personalities. 

Characteristics

Weight

  • A healthy weight Cockatiel is between two and four ounces. 

Size

  • Cockatiels, the smallest cockatoo, only reach a length of 12 to 13 inches from head to tail. 

Colors and Markings of Cockatiels

The wild has a gray body with an orange cheek patch, a yellow face, and a yellow crest. The colors on a man’s face are brighter and more vibrant. The underside of the female’s tail feathers is barred. Over time, several color mutations emerged in captive-bred animals intended for the pet trade. The most typical variations consist of:

  • Albino: Lack of feather color
  • Lutino: White bird with orange cheeks, red eyes, and an orange mask
  • Pied: A wild cockatiel with the normal colors changed to a yellow or off-white hue.
  • Pearl, laced, or opaline: Spots of different colors that form small “pearls” along its feathers.
  • Isabelle, fawn, or cinnamon: Gray feathers with a warm tan or brown tint.
  • Sliver: Recessive silver cockatiels have cold gray feathers and red eyes, but dominant silver cockatiels have a warmer gray tone with dark eyes.

Wingspan

  • Their wingspan measures 25–30 cm (10–12 in). With a noticeable white wing patch, they have a body covered in grey feathers.

Behavior

  • These tiny birds are friendly and loving. Although they don’t always enjoy hugging, they still want to be close to you and are overjoyed to see you. These actions indicate that they have a friendly character.
  • Despite these positive tendencies, they have a nasty tendency of nipping. Remind yourself to praise them for good behavior and ignore bad.
  • They are clever birds who can pick up several tricks over time.
  • They are clever little birds that can do a variety of things, including bell ringing, whistling, and waving. Many Cockatiels would even pass hours amusing themselves by conversing with the “other bird” in a mirror.

Caring For The Cockatiel 

A balanced diet and disinfecting are just two aspects of general care. Exercising and many other things are included in comprehensive care. A pair of birds will get along well with one another. However, you must interact with the cockatiel frequently during the day. If your way of living makes this impractical, consider getting a pair of birds to reduce feelings of isolation and self-harming behavior.

Caring Cockatiel
Caring Cockatiel

Food

Although they are high in fat, seeds can be a beneficial component of the diet. Therefore, no more than 30% of the bird’s diet should consist of seeds. They eat different kinds of seeds, berries, fruits, and vegetation. 

  • Every morning, give out a seed/pellet mixture.
  • Due to their nutritional balance and the fact that birds can’t pick and choose which seeds to eat, pelleted meals are frequently the best option for birds.
  • Provide lean proteins in moderation, such as cooked meats, beans, and hard-boiled eggs.

Things to remember when feeding your Cockatiel

  • Always have fresh food and drink ready. 
  • Fruits and vegetables that haven’t been consumed in a few hours should be thrown out.
  • Treats shouldn’t make up more than 10% of the overall food.
  • even though cockatiels enjoy eating with their flock members, never give them food from your plate or mouth as people carry bacteria that can make birds sick.
  • Cockatiels don’t require grit since they remove the hulls from seeds before consuming them.

Note:  Remember one thing, avocados, chocolate, coffee, and salt should never be given to birds as food. One more thing, remove what they do not eat after an hour. 

Exercise

It is recommended that they should perform a minimum of two 5 to 10 minutes sessions a day that combines various activities and games. 

  • Make sure the cage is big enough for your bird to fly if it spends the majority of its time in it because mental stimulation is just as important as physical activity.
  • Lots of toys should be available to encourage the bird’s innate need to play. There should be plenty of perches, ladders, and toys, but not so many that they restrict the bird’s ability to move about the cage.
  • Give your cockatiel at least an hour outside of the cage if you can. Out of the cage, time aids with socialization and gives the bird a chance to spread its wings, however, it is not as important as it is with other parrots.

Note: If your bird begins to breathe heavily while you are flapping your wings, stop what you are doing and give him a moment to catch his breath.

Cleaning

Only illnesses that spread quickly within the flock might account for their early demise in the wild. By protecting them from infections, caged cockatiels can live longer. For this you can do these points: 

  • Offer a bath each day.
  • Clean up the cage.
  • Throw away the uneaten food right away.
  • Give them some clean water.
  • Serve them with some seasonal produce.

Some Other Points

  • They need a big cage because they are energetic and active. Make sure the cage is at least 20 square inches and 26 inches tall.
  • The cage bars’ spacing shouldn’t be wider than 3/4 inches. The finest possibility for the bird to climb and acquire vital activity is provided by horizontal cage bars.
  • There should be enough room in the cage to fit a few perches at various heights. The bird should be able to move between the perches without difficulty.

Habitat & Region

  • Native to Australia, cockatiels can be found primarily in dry or semi-arid landscapes but always near bodies of water.
  • The species, which is largely nomadic, will relocate to locations with food and water. Usually, they are observed in pairs or small flocks.

Creating your cockatiels’ habitat: 

  • Set your home’s thermostat between 65°F and 80°F, and be wary of sudden temperature variations.
  • Habitats should be set up off the ground, away from drafts, and out of reach of other pets, like nosy cats and dogs. Make sure that no toys or components of the habitat include lead, zinc, other potentially poisonous heavy metals, lead-based paints, or galvanized materials because they can seriously harm birds if they consume them.
  • Provide a range of perch sizes so your cockatiel may exercise their feet and help avoid pressure sores from forming on their soles.  At least 5″ long and 1/2″ in diameter are required for perches. Sandpaper covers for perches are not advised because they are harsh on the feet. Giving birds a variety of perches, including those constructed of wood, braided rope, and natural branches gives them the option to choose the surface they stand on.
  • Place food or water containers away from perches to prevent droppings from polluting plates.
  • Due to their high intelligence, cockatiels require the ability to both plays with toys and explore for food and other items. Foraging and chewing toys provide cockatiels with crucial mental stimulation.
  • Toys should be made of materials that are too hard for cockatiels to bite off and swallow, such as cardboard, paper, softwood, or plastic. Additionally, toys shouldn’t have little pieces that birds could easily tear off and eat.
  • For birds to synthesize vitamin D in their skin and absorb calcium from their diet, they need to be exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Placing the habitat next to a window is insufficient since windows’ glass filters UV light; instead, the habitat needs to be illuminated by UV lights made specifically for birds, which should be changed every six months as their efficacy deteriorates.
  • Birds should be able to bathe in water dishes that are large enough.

 Cockatiel Lifespan

  • There are tales of cockatiels living as long as 32 years, with the oldest confirmed specimen claimed to be 36 years old.
  • The cockatiel’s life expectancy in captivity is typically quoted as 16 to 25 years, while it is occasionally given as short as 10 to 15 years.
  • The creature’s health and food, however, determine how long it lives.

Sound & Vocalization

  • Although not as loud as some other parrots, cockatiels vocalize and whistle.
  • Males are regarded as being better at mimicking speech and whistling than females. However, female cockatiels are no pushovers either; they are skilled mimics.
  • Both sexes have the potential to mimic sounds from your homes, such as ringing phones, alarm clocks, and even crows outside.

Reproduction Cycle & Mating

  • Cockatiel of the same sexes will stimulate breeding.
  • Even though no eggs are laid, two males will mate and maintain their nesting box as a genuine pair would. Similar behavior is displayed by two females, but both of them will typically lay eggs, therefore the nesting box will likely contain at least 8 eggs.
  • Within one to two weeks of mating, female Cockatiels lay their eggs. They frequently lay one egg every other day until all of them have been laid, similar to many other bird species.
  • Each clutch typically contains four to six eggs.

Eggs

  • Within one to two weeks of mating, female cockatiels lay their eggs.
  • It frequently lays one egg every other day until all of them have been laid, similar to many other bird species. Each clutch typically contains four to six eggs.

Health Problems

Make sure your bird consumes a varied diet, and keep it away from insecticides, pesticide residue on fruits and vegetables, and cleaning product smells to lower the likelihood that your Cockatiel will contract this illness.

  • Nutritional inadequacy is the most prevalent health problem affecting these birds.
  • They are vulnerable to developing fatty liver disease, which is brought on by a high-energy diet full of fat and carbohydrates and little to no exercise.
  • The majority of birds are prone to respiratory illnesses, including psittacosis, a dangerous bacterial infection that can cause nasal discharge, coughing, wheezing, and other respiratory symptoms.
  • Take your bird to an avian vet at the first indication of illness. Remember, quick action can prevent your bird’s death.

Cockatiel For Sale

  • It is better to choose a hand-fed baby bird, or at the very least, a young bird that has been handled frequently.
  • Prices will vary depending on the hue, and you can anticipate paying slightly more from a responsible breeder. An expertly treated juvenile bird might cost between $100 and $300.

Threats

  • Climate change is the major issue for these parrots.
  • While deforestation, overfishing, and the development of oil and gas are some of the reasons why the population of these creatures is decreasing.

Unique Personality Trait

Due to their unique personalities, temperaments, and mannerisms, cockatiels, which are diminutive little birds, have established a reputation as popular pet birds. Both wild and domesticated cockatiels have a preference for humans. When it comes to personality traits, male and female Cockatiels compete. Noise is one of the distinctive personality traits of Chennai Cockatiels. Others are- seekers of attention and demand love. 

Lutino Cockatiel

  • The Cockatiel is a very unique species that were created by breeders and are not found in the wild.
  • They become much more distinctive as a result.
  • They are typically quite calm and simple to maintain.
  • They enjoy attention, companionship, and a variety of toys.

For additional pet bird Species and additional research, check out some related links to bird blogs if you’re interested in similar species

Reference Link

Cockatiel-FAQ

How much does a Cockatiel cost?

It can cost anywhere between $30 and $250, however this range is rather wide.

How long does a Cockatiel live?

Depending on whether they are wild or captive, cockatiels often live between 10 and 15 years.

Should I get a boy or girl Cockatiel?

Females typically have a calmer disposition and can be a better choice for you if you don’t enjoy a lot of commotion. A male may better suit your needs if you enjoy spending many hours a day conversing with your cockatiel. Cockatiels make excellent pets and can be trained to perform tricks.

What is the difference between Cockatiel and a parrot?

Parrots are widespread in many tropical areas. On the other hand, Australia’s outback wetlands and bush are home to cockatiels, the smallest variety of the cockatoo species. The location of each is hence the fundamental distinction between them.

Is coffee toxic for Cockatiel? 

Yes, keep in mind that giving kids coffee or coffee products could hurt them.

What do Cockatiels eat?

They typically consume a pelleted meal manufactured specifically for them, which is nutritionally full and balanced. They also consume little amounts of vegetables, fruits, and seeds on occasion as a treat.

What vegetables are safe for cockatiels to eat?

Except for avocados, onions, and garlic, cockatiels can consume most veggies.

Which fruits are edible to cockatiels?

Except for fruit pits and seeds, cockatiels can consume most fruits.

How long do cockatiel eggs take to hatch?

A cockatiel must incubate (sit on) a viable egg for an average of 20 days before it hatches.

What factors determine a cockatiel’s gender?

Males and females of the common gray cockatiel can be recognized. Compared to females, who have more subdued orangish gray body feathers, males have darker gray body feathers and brighter orange cheek feathers. On the undersides of their tails, females also exhibit gray barring, which looks like horizontal stripes. Up to six months of age, both sexes exhibit barring; after that, only females do. On the underside of their wings, males have complete gray feathers while females have gray with white or yellow patches.

Does cockatiel lighting require at night?

In order to prevent night terrors, cockatiels sleep better in low light. So that they can have a decent night’s sleep, cockatiels can or should have a night light.

What frightens cockatiels?

Darkness scares a lot of parrots. Night frights are very common in cockatiels. Your bird will flap and flail inside of and around its cage when it experiences night frights.