Types of crane Birds

Can you think of any animals that were around millions of years ago? It is the crane. In this article, we will tell you about the Top 15 types of Crane birds. According to experts, scientists have found fossils of early cranes in North America. Each crane species is unique, but they all share some traits. In this article, we will tell you amazing facts about a crane which is a bird. We will tell you about female and male crane birds, the size of crane birds, the height of crane birds, crane bird’s food, their habitat, etc.,

A glimpse of the crane’s characteristic

  • They have long necks and legs that let them walk in shallow water.
  • They consume both animals and plants, and their beaks are pointed and knife-like which allows them to pierce fish for prey.
  • Cranes enjoy company as well and prefer to live in groups with other cranes.
  • They have long legs, necks, and bills.
  • They are brown, grey, or white. But African crowned cranes are an exception because that has a beautiful gold crown of feathers on their heads.

Types of Crane Birds

There are different types of Crane Birds or Crane species, and they live on every continent except South America and Antarctica.

Black-crowned Crane

  • Found across Africa’s sub-Saharan areas, as well as in savannah grasslands and croplands.
  • Size & Weight: 3 feet and 8 pounds
  • Food: Insects and tiny reptiles
Black crowned Crane -
                                                                                 Black-crowned Crane

Grey-Crowned Crane

  • Found Across: Africa
  • Size &Weight: Roughly Equal to a white-crowned crane
  • Food: Omnivores, eats plants, eggs, snakes, insects, and tiny reptiles.

Blue crane

  • Found Across: South Africa
  • Size & Weight: approx. 3feet 11inches
  • Food: herbivores, eats plant parts, and waste cereal grain

Siberian Crane

  • Found Across Russia’s northern tundra, but, during migratory, they can be seen as far south as China and India
  • Size & Weight: 5 feet and 13 pounds
  • Food: omnivorous but mostly feed on plants

Sandhill Crane

  • Found Across: North America
  • Size & Weight: 3-3.5feet and 6-7 pounds
  • Food: Herbivores


Demoiselle Crane -
                                                                                    Demoiselle Crane
  • Found Across Tropical Northern Australia
  • Size & Weight: Approx. 4 feet
  • Food: Omnivorous, eat tubers dug up with their bills

Read Also: Sharp-shinned Hawk- food, reproduction, habitat

Demoiselle crane

  • Found Across: Central Asia
  • Size & Weight: 3 feet only and 4-6 pounds
  • Food: Omnivores, mostly eats cereal grains and insects such as coleopteran

Sarus crane

  • Found Across: Indian sub-continent, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia
  • Size & Weight: 3-3.5feet and 6-7 pounds
  • Food: Omnivores, mostly eat insects like grasshoppers and aquatic plants, fish, and seeds.

Whooping crane

  • Found Across: North America
  • Size & Weight: more than 7 feet and 15 pounds
  • Food: Omnivores

Common crane

  • Found Across: Europe and Asia
  • Size & Weight: 3 feet 3.37 inches
  • Food: Omnivores

Wattled crane

  • Found Across: Sub-Saharan countries of Afric
  • Size & Weight: 3-4 feet and 18 pounds Food: Omnivores

Read Also: Gray hawk- a modest size raptor, good hunter, and bird of prey

Hooded crane

  • Found Across: East Asia
  • Size & Weight: 3.3 feet
  • Food: Omnivores, mostly eats salamanders, frogs, berries, aquatic plants

White-naped crane

  • Found Across: Northern Mongolia, southern Siberia, Korea, Japan, and Central China
  • Size & Weight: 4 feet
  • Food: Omnivores
  • Found Across: Eastern Russia, North-Eastern China, and occasionally in northern eastern Mongolia
  • Size & Weight: 5 feet tall and 25 pounds
  • Food: Omnivores

Black-necked crane

  • Found Across: Northern and central Tibetan Plateau
  • Size & Weight: 4 feet approx. 6inches
  • Food: Omnivores, mostly eats tubers of sedges, plant roots, and earthworms

Read Also: Bald Eagle- Life history, habitat, color

Some amazing facts about crane

  • Cranes are excellent fliers, with some able to fly over the Himalayas. They fly with their heads and necks straight out and their feet and legs straight behind them during migration.
  • Cranes may reach 4,900–8,000 meters (16,000–26,000 feet) in altitude.
  • Just because the trip of the crane is so long and difficult, many of them suffer from exhaustion and hunger. Also, sometimes they are attacked by hunters.
  • The crane’s dance is breathtaking.
  • The cranes extend and bend deeply during this time.

Crane Migration

  • Young Crane birds develop fast and, in the case of migratory birds, are soon ready to make the long flights to their wintering grounds. Cranes love to fly at a height of 1,000 to 2,000 meters (5,000 feet), so they’re unlikely to be spotted flying overhead unless they’re taking off or landing.
  • Several species, however, cross the Himalayas on their migratory trips, and they have been observed from passing planes flying at heights of up to 7,000 meters (20,000ft).

Reference Link

Types of Crane Birds-FAQ’s

What is Crane?

 Cranes are tall birds with long legs.

Where do cranes live?

These birds live on all continents except South America and Antarctica.

Which color is the crane?

They are usually brown, white, or grey.

Do cranes swim?

Cranes do not have webbed feet, but they can swim.

Are Cranes good luck?

Throughout Asia, this creature is a symbol of happiness and eternal youth.


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