Cuban Red Macaw

It is believed that the Cuban Red Macaw, Ara tricolor, is an extinct parrot that once existed in Cuba and on the Isla de la Juventud. Its extinction was the destruction of forests and hunting for good food and to make money from the pet trade.

  • It was fairly commonplace around 1800.
  • A pair of horses were kept inside the Royal Menagerie at Schonbrunn Castle, Vienna, beginning in 1760.
  • It was a small kind of Ara macaw that measured 45-50 cm.

Native Region / Natural Habitat

  • Macaws originated from the southern part of North America (Mexico) plus Central America and South America. Evidence suggests that the Caribbean also had macaws native to the species.
  • Still, they are now extinct, including those of the Cuban Macaw ( Ara tricolor), Saint Croix macaw ( Ara autochthones), martinique macaw and blue and red macaw.
  • They live in rainforests, as in grasslands and woodland-like areas. Macaws and other parrot species native to the Amazon basin, such as Peru, were observed eating clay licks (clay on the river’s bank that is exposed).
  • Researchers believe this is a method used by the parrots to neutralize toxic substances found in a few of the food items they eat on their own in the wild.

Description of Cuban Red Macaw:

  • The Cuban Red Macaw (Ara tricolor) Have a wonderful time; he’s got the length of 45 to 50 centimeters in”forecrown, “forecrown” It was red with yellow and orange at on the nape.
  • The area around his eyes was white, with areas that were devoid of feathers.
  • The chest, abdomen, face, and thighs were also orange, as were the legs, and the point of the bill was brown.
  • The upper section was brownish-red, the rest of the body adorned in the feathers in green.
  • On the other hand, the feathers below the tail over this and in the lower back were blue.
  • Additionally, this color is paired with the purplish-red wings.
  • The appearance on the outside of male and female was identical.
  • The male and female were similar.
  • For flying, in the manner described, takeoff began and showed the stunning tail, which was a breathtaking spectacle.

 Century  Range:

Historical records and contemporary accounts indicate that macaws were frequently transported and traded across the Caribbean islands and the continent (South America) as early as modern times through Native Americans and European sailors and colonists after their arrival around the 15 century.

  • Consequently, confirmation of the initial distribution of the macaw species could be a bit hazy.
  • This Cuban is the red MacawMacaw indigenous on the island of Cuba and possibly the adjacent Isla de la Juventud.

Cause of the extinction of the species:

  • The primary dangers for all parrot species were and are quite alike; they are frequently in the top species of species eradicated in a specific area and, in particular, islands.

Care & Feeding

  • A macaw requires large cages to stop the tail feathers of its cage from hitting the bottom of the cage.
  • This could make the tail feathers break or bend.
  • The Macaw requires an even bigger cage and play stand than other species of parrots.
  • Therefore, any potential owner must consider space considerations.
  • In their natural habitats, macaws feed on local seeds, fruit flowers, leafy palm nuts, nectar, figs, and, in some areas, clay derived from exposed rivers’ banks.
  • The diet requirements of certain macaw species are different from those of other parrots as they require more fats to fuel their good food.
  • The diet of wild macaws tends to be rich in fat, making it a good thing for birds that spend their day flying around the rainforest and searching for good food, nesting, and raising chicks.
  • Companion macaws are known to live an easier time than wild macaws.
  • However, they can’t enjoy the opportunity to forage to find food, which occurs naturally.
  • Lafeber’s bird food is ideal for the active Macaw, which is a bird that loves the chance to break apart its food.
  • Macaws are known to enjoy pellet-berries, Avi-Cakes, and Nutri-Berries.
  • The shapes of the berry and cakes of these meals encourage interaction.


  • It isn’t known much about the lifestyle of the Cuban Macaw.
  • Locals have reported on the Cuban Red Macaw naturalist from Germany, Juan Gundlach (1876).
  • His anidaba holes were found in palm trees and were a part of families and couples groups.
  • He stated that he had similarities to the vocalization of macaws Central singing ( Gundlach 1893).
  • It appears that small populations of people are bred in scattered areas.

Personality & Behavior

  • Macaws are an element to be reckoned with.
  • They are big in every aspect, from their voice to their attitude.
  • The mini macaws to are huge even on the inside! In their vibrant and often loud ways, they draw attention even when they are quiet, even though the uninitiated macaws appear formidable and can scream and ramble around.
  • Those who share the same lives as these amazing family members know that they possess astonishingly caring hearts and delicate natures.
  • Macaws are very playful, and they love toys that they chew on, particularly those made from wood.
  • Macaws that are pets will require an adequate supply of toys and other items that are safe to chew up.
  • It must include the expense of having a consistent collection of toys in the monthly budget for pets.
  • Macaws are intelligent birds who enjoy activities designed to test them, including foraging.
  • Foraging means looking for food or consumed by food.
  • Nutri-Berries created by Lafeber Company satisfy the need for foraging while also providing high-quality nutrition.


  • It is unclear how the reproductive cycle in this species except that they were nesting in the palm tree holes and were a part of couples or families.

Speech & Sound

  • Macaws of large size have similarly huge vocalizations.
  • Their screeches and squawks are extremely loud and ear-piercing.
  • Potential owners of macaws need to consider the large vocalization, particularly when they live in an apartment or are near neighbors.
  • Macaws can be trained to speak that they hear both inside and outside the house.


  • They ate fruit, palmas and seed of trees, cinnamon ( Melia Azedarach), and tender buds and shoots (Wiley and Kirwan 2013.
  • Olson & Suarez (2008) skulls suggest that the tablet’s back-ventral in macaws adapt to the strong attachment of muscles, which is a sign that this species eats palm nuts.
  • They have a very hard shell.
  • The distribution of birds could be closely linked to the amount of food available.

Health & Common Conditions

  • Macaws are prone to destructive behaviors that affect feathers.
  • Suppose a thorough vet exam eliminates medical reasons for feather plucking or snagging.
  • In that case, boredom or insufficient mental stimulation could be the factor.
  • Provide your MacawMacaw with a stimulating environment, with plenty of opportunities to play and exercise like climbing nets or ropes and toys.
  • Macaws are also more prone to proventricular dilatation disorder (PDD), feather and beak disease psittacine (PBFD), Psittacosis beak malocclusion, along with aspergillosis.
  • Regular health checkups with vets for birds can help identify and treat a variety of illnesses early.
  • It’s normal for macaws to sneeze at least once a day to eliminate dust or dust from their nares that could be followed by clear, clear liquid.
  • If the sneezing continues or the liquid is not clear, you should consult your veterinarian for avian health.


  •  In the past, it was distributed by the island in Cuba And, most likely, the Isle of youth.
  • It is believed it was the case that many were in the Cienaga de Zapata to the South to the South Matanzas.
  • There is no evidence to support the existence of the Guacamayo or a different Hispaniola
  • It has also hinted that it is a species (although there is a possibility that they were seen on the island).
  • The latest recorded individuals are 1820.


  • The current red list category of the UICN Extinct.
  • Trend in population: extinguished.

Justification of the Red List Category

  • The species is recognized on its home on the Island of Cuba.
  • However;, hunting caused its population to decline. The most recent reports on the species date back to 1885.
  • Its decline was caused by the hunter’s food and the deforestation to nesting capture of young birds and their use as pets (Forshaw and Cooper, 1989).
  • Cienaga de Zapata in 1864.
  • It reported that the most recent specimen known to exist had been killed at La Vega around 1864.
  • There were also reports of sightings until 1885 but were not verified.

“Cuban Macaw +” in captivity:

  • There is a belief that Cuban Macaw.
  • It was very widespread throughout Cuba.
  • Then he started to increase his hunt to offer them to the King of Spain.
  • As the 19th century progressed, the population of humans grew, and this didn’t just cut down forests and trees that were deforested.
  • Still, he also hunted birds for food- even though his meat was souras he scoured their nests to capture the pets of youngsters. This was a way of destroying their habitats, and they became extinct.

Alternative names:

  • Cuban  Red Macaw, Hispaniolan Macaw, Hispaniolan or Cuban Macaw, Hispaniolan, Cuban or Jamaican Macaw ( English).
  • Ara d’Hispaniola, Ara tricolore, Ara tricolore ou A. de Cuba, Ara tricolore, A. de Cuba ou A. de Gosse (French).
  • Dreifarbenara (German).
  • arara-vermelha-de-cuba (Portuguese).
  • Guacamayo cubano (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

  • Order: Psittaciformes
  •  Family: Psittacidae
  •  Genus: ARA
  • Scientific name: Ara tricolor
  • Citation: (Bechstein, 1811)
  • Protonimo: Ara tricolor

Get a Macaw

Could a macaw make an ideal pet? It depends on you.

  • If you are considering adding a Cuban Red macaw to your family will require you to think about whether you have enough space and time and the character and the other elements to make the Cuban Red Macaw an ideal friend.
  • Since macaws require spacious homes and live long and have a long lifespan, adding a macaw into the family should be considered thoroughly.
  • Cuban Red Macaw can be available in avian-specialty shops or through bird breeders.
  • Sometimes, they are known for adoption by Avian rescue organizations.
  • Read this before Buying Cuban Red Macaw:

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