Golden Parakeet (golden conures)

The golden parakeet or conure (also known as the golden conure, (Guaruba Guarouba) is a medium-sized golden yellow Neotropical parrot native to Brazil’s Amazon Basin of interior northern Brazil.

  • The majority of its plumage is bright yellow, hence its popular name; however, it also has green remiges.
  • It is found in the upland, dry rainforests of Amazonian Brazil.
  • It is at risk from deforestation and floods and the illegal trapping of wild animals in the pet trade.
  • German naturalist Georg Markgraf first described the bird, dubbed guaruba, during his travels in Dutch Brazil in 1638.
  • Its Portuguese and native term, ararajuba, means small yellow macaw.
  • In the field of Aviculture, it’s often referred to as”the Queen of Bavaria conure.

Breed Overview

  • Common names Golden conure queen of Bavaria conure Golden parakeet parrot yellow conure
  • SCIENTIFIC NAMEGuaruba guarouba, formerly Aratinga guarouba
  • ADULTS SIZE A huge conure; it can reach the length of about 14 inches and weighs around 8 ounces
  • LIFESPAN:20 to 30 years

Scientific Classification

  • Common Name:-golden conure, golden parakeet
  • Kingdom:-Animalia
  • Phylum:-Chordata
  • Class:-Aves
  • Order:-Psittaciformes
  • Family:-Psittacidae (true parrots)
  • Genus Species:-Guaruba guarouba

Golden Parakeet Description

The name itself suggests. Generally, the adult plumage has an intense yellow colour, with deep green primary feathers, secondary feathers and outer wings.

Size:-Around 34cm (13.6 inches.)

Weight:-About 240 grams (8.4 oz)

Diet:-The species eat fruit and seeds, berries and nuts, and cereal crops such as corn.

Incubation:-Between 28 and 30 days

Clutch Size:-Between 2 and 6 eggs

Life Span:-Twenty or more years


The species is native to Brazil. The largest population known of about 500 individuals is found on the Tapajos River.


  • Golden Parakeet(conures) appear to be nomadic in humid lowlands.
  • In dry weather, they will be seen in the trees that are not swamped.
  • In the breeding season, the birds are seen in areas of clearing with scattered trees.
  • Tree cavities can be used to nest and also for roosting.


  • The estimated population of the island is between 10,000 and 20,000 people, with the elderly between 6,600 and 13,400.
  • The population is declining, but it isn’t dispersed.


  • IUCN: Vulnerable
  • USFWS: Endangered

Origin and History

  • The species is native to the northeastern region of Brazil Golden conures are only found in a tiny portion of the Amazon River.
  • Finding wild Golden Parakeet (Golden conures) is difficult, despite their colours, because they’re not social and rarely form groups.
  • Their life out in nature is largely inaccessible.
  • It is believed that they are wanderers, moving from humid lowlands to the taller trees of terra firma (lands that do not flood) and then on to clearings during the breeding season.

Green-Cheeked Conure (Green-Cheeked Parakeet): Pet Care Facts

  • Although It believed that less than 3,000 goldens are left for a while, a 2016 International Union for Conservation of Nature updated declares that this was an overestimate.
  • They’ve been placed on an endangered list since, and their low population is a factor in the low number of sightings. It’s now believed that the total number is between 6,600 and 13,400 birds.
  • The realization of this hasn’t quelled worries about the bird’s threatened status, however.
  • It is predicted that the population is likely to continue to shrink because of habitat loss and illegal trapping, which includes baby chicks being taken from the nest.
  • Breeding programs for captives are the main priority for this species.
  • They are more important than offering them to be pets too numerous breeders.


  • Golden-winged parakeets(Brotogeris Chrysoptera / Chrrysopterus) Nomination Form
  • Codajas Golden-winged Parakeets (B.c. solimoensis)
  • Golden Parakeets (B.c. chrysosema)
  • Rio Negro Parakeets (B.c. tenuifrons)
  • Tuipara Parakeets (B.c. Tuipara)

Fun Facts

  • Because of the tiny number of these birds that live in the wild, very little is available about this bird.
  • Golden conure are not regarded as social birds; however, small groups or pairs could be observed eating in the treetops.
  • They are known to stay for long periods in their nests, even when they are nesting.
  • The breeding process is expected, with several females contributing between two and three eggs per nest and many adults taking care of the babies.
  • The birth of up to nine babies has been observed within a nest within the natural environment, but as high as 14 in captive.
  • The birds emit an intense, high-pitched “greh” or “kray” call.


  • Golden Parakeet(Golden Conures) can be lively pets who enjoy climbing, chewing and play.
  • The owners must ensure that they keep their birds in check when they are outside the cage to prevent injuries due to their intense fascination with the world that surrounds them.
  • As conures, these birds are very vocal.
  • They can also make loud noises, making them unsuitable for condominiums or apartments.
  • However, they can create a voluminous vocabulary.
  • Golden conures are extremely smart and require mental stimulation to stop anxiety and destructive behaviour patterns from forming.
  • In this respect, they’re slightly more sensitive than other species of parrots.
  • Although feather plucking is usually an indicator of bored or stressed parrots for golden conures, stress is the primary factor behind the self-destructive behaviour they are susceptible to.
  • It can be cured with lots of focus and distractions and allowing the bird a certain amount of freedom.
  • Golden conures generally make lovely pets.
  • They are a lot of fun to cuddle.
  • They are open to interacting with multiple people when adequately socialized and can live with families.
  • Aggression is not usually an issue unless they’re breeding.

Ecology and Conservation

  • The Golden Parakeet(Golden Conure) was listed as threatened in 1994 but was changed to Vulnerable in 2013.
  • Habitat fragmentation and destruction due to road construction, later settlement and development, and the ensuing illegal logging pose risks in the east of the range.
  • A selective logging operation of hardwoods that are primary removes nesting and roosting spaces.
  • While It extensively captured these birds for trading, this does not pose a significant issue as trade is typically within the vast captive population and does not impact wild birds.
  • Long-term captive breeding programs are essential to ensure the long-term survival of this species.
  • The AZA acknowledges Busch Gardens Tampa Bay as the first facility to successfully breed this species.
  • Golden Parakeet(Golden Conure) Colors and Markings
  • Golden Parakeet(Golden conures) are frequently confused with macaws due to their giant head and beak.
  • The most noticeable difference is the tail of the conure is significantly shorter than that you’ll see on macaws.
  • Golden Parakeet(Golden conures) mature to vibrant yellow throughout their body.
  • The only exception is the tips of their flight feathers that are dark green.
  • They sport the appearance of a bald ring in front of their eyes.
  • Horn-coloured beaks as well as pink feet and legs.
  • Juvenile golden conures can be distinguished by the green speckles that appear on the plumage of yellow of their body.

Caring for a Golden Conure

  • Golden conures are sweet, beautiful and intelligent and make excellent pets.
  • However, they can be pretty expensive and almost as rare in captivity as in the wild.
  • They aren’t easy to find since their trade is tightly controlled in and out in the United States.
  • Please do not fret; however, it could be possible if you desire to own the golden conure.
  • It’s just likely to go through some hurdles to get it done.
  • For instance, both buyers and sellers both require permission through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the event of purchasing the parrot of another state.
  • Conduct extensive research about what you need to know before you take the plunge.
  • If you want to find Golden Conure breeders, Bird Talk magazine’s breeder directory is an excellent place to begin.
  • If you successfully locate a golden conure, they’ll bless you with a fun and engaging pet.
  • The owners of the birds say that they can master numerous fun tricks, build impressive vocabulary, and even appear to speak in context when they do.
  • Your pet mustn’t be feeling confined at all times.
  • The golden conure’s energy level must be taken into consideration when choosing the right cage.
  • It should be spacious enough for him to have enough space to move around, climb up and expend energy.
  • They rarely fly in captivity; however, that doesn’t mean that these performers won’t be content in small spaces.

Feeding the Golden Conure

  • Golden conures that live in the wild typically enjoy a diverse diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, grains, and berries.
  • A varied diet is the best way to keep your bird healthy.
  • It should include new food items like fruits such as nuts, berries, and vegetables, together with commercial pellets of high quality.
  • This will ensure that pets get enough nutrition.
  • Speech and Sounds
  • We’ve mentioned before we thought The Golden Conure is full of attractive characteristics.
  • One of them is their distinct (and adorable!) love of talking.
  • You can repeat the most common words and phrases.
  • There’s the beloved parrot talk, the human-like mumbling that resembles parrot speech.
  • They also have a remarkable ability to mimic and often repeat familiar sounds like beeps, kisses, and barks.
  • They are highly receptive to music and won’t hesitate to dance and perform funny tricks whenever the beat gets lower.


  • Being active birds, Golden conures require plenty of exercise to stay in top physical shape.
  • Anyone who wants to have a golden conure ensures that they can devote a minimum of 3 to four hours each day watching their bird outside exercise and playtime.
  • Golden conures enjoy climbing and enjoy games like ropes, ladders, and swings that provide the birds something they can “navigate.”
  • Play stands are essential to give birds the feeling of being free of the cage and offer an area of their home filled with toys to entertain their time.
  • They’re hilarious when they’re having fun and are often attracted to your interest.
  • They’re also massive chewers and require the regular exercise of their jaw muscles.
  • Golden conure owners soon learn to give their pets lots of chew toys so that they can spare their personal belongings.
  • Wood is the most popular choice since You can easily replace it.
  • However, rope, leather and beads are also loved.


  • If you see the golden conure around, the extravagant patterns and flashy colors are a thing of the past.

Who said simplicity is boring?

  • These elegant and graceful parrots are sure to prove you incorrect.
  • The body is colored in a vivid deep yellow; an intenseness is not often seen in Aviculture.
  • The tips of the wings are a vibrant tropical green, giving enough contrast and some variety.
  • There’s no debate here that these birds are the most charming pets in the parrot world, with their beautiful look and funny behavior.


In their natural habitats, they can take in the following food sources:

  • Seeds (including sprouted seeds)
  • Fruits(including figs and berries).
  • Flowers. Nectar, Greens, and Plant Matter
  • Minerals and Grit: They are often visited by barreiros (areas where mineral-rich soil is readily available) and the banks of rivers to eat soil.
  • Algae
  • insects with their larvae

Squids in water:

  • Some are even seen feeding on freshwater snails.
  • They immerse their entire heads in water to access the snails.
  • They grasp the snail’s shell by using one foot as they drag the snail away with their beaks.
  • In some cases, the fragments of the shell until they reach the snail.

Captive Diet:

They should be offered an extensive diet, which includes any of the following:

A premium dry mix for parrots (cockatiel dry food combinations are good).

  • One of the top ones (although not the best) can be Dr. Harvey’s, which contains nutrients that are superfoods for health, like bee pollen and other herbs, a variety of vegetables, fruits, grains even human quality.
  • You can quickly and safely consume the fruits, vegetables, and nuts, and relish the delicious bites (as you do).

Germinated or sprouted seeds tend to be more readily recognized in the eyes of “seed addicts” than fresh fruit and vegetables.

Seeds that sprout are more nutritious since the process of growing changes and improves the nutritional quality and value of seeds and grains.

Seeds that sprout are less fat because they sprout the fat contained in the roots to begin the process of growth, which reduces the calories stored in the seeds.

Seeds that are sprouted will aid in balancing your bird’s diet by providing a nutrient-rich supply of protein-rich vegetable sources as well as vitamins, minerals as well as enzymes, as well as chlorophyll.

  • Seeds that have been germinated and soaked “oil” seeds, like the rape and niger seeds, are high in protein and carbohydrates “starch” seeds, such as millets and canary, are high in carbohydrates but are less protein-rich.
  • It’s an excellent food throughout the day, but it is essential for breeding birds or moulting.
  • Sprouted seeds can also be used as a perfect weaning and rearing food since the softened shells are easier to break for chicks and allows them to get familiar with their texture.
  • Fresh fruits (such as bananas and berries, figs, rose hips)
  • Edible flowers
  • “Nectar”: Food for Lory; porridge of oats flakes or honey and wheat germ
  • Vegetables (one of my favourites is half-ripe corn)
  • Green food plants, like dandelion, chickweed, clover, rowanberries and others.
  • Wild, the dandelion species prefer to chew on rotten stumps and search for larvae.
  • Branch with blossoms and buds
  • Protein from animals (such as dried shrimp)Vitamin and mineral


  • Feeding your bird to ensure good longevity and health
  • They are messy eaters, and they scatter soft food they can over the cages (as is usual for all parrots).
  • The careful planning of the setup will make it easier to clean up the cage daily.



  • They are about 7.5 inches (19 centimetres) in length and appear like the species of the same name at the top of this list (above); however, their plumage tends to be more yellow.
  • They sport orange-yellow foreheads, Dolores (the parts between the eyes and the bill on the back of the bird’s head), and an orange cheek patch. The primary coverts they have are yellow.
  • They are also more significant than the nominate species.
  • Distribution of areas that run along with Rio Madeira and its tributaries in states like Amazonas as well as Mato Grosso in Brazil
  • Species: Scientist: Brotogeris chrysopterus chrysosema
  • English: Golden Parakeet
  • Dutch: Geelvleugelparkiet
  • German: Gelbflugelsittich
  • French: Petite perruche a the menton orange Sclater


  • It is believed that the Rio Negro Parakeets have been recognized only from the upper Rio Negro in Santa Isabel and the mouth of Rio Cauaburi in northwest Brazil.
  • The supply of food can influence migration patterns.
  • Their preferred habitats are wooded marshland, savannah, high secondary vegetation, and lowland and cloud forests that can reach 4,000 feet (1,200 meters).
  • They are also found in the forest edges and adjacent areas that have been cleared in Brazil and gardens and plantations within urban regions.
  • They are widespread across their entire range.
  • However, an increase in the population has been noted in certain areas and is caused by habitat destruction.
  • In the absence of breeding, They usually appear in small groups of between 8 and 16 birds.
  • Massive flocks of up to 100 parakeets are sometimes seen in feeding areas that are popular with birds.
  • A lot of parakeets rest in tree hollows or arboreal (above-ground) termite mounds.
  • They are shy. However, they are easier to approach when feeding.
  • These lively little birds prefer to be in the canopy in which they love climbing within the branches.
  • You may also observe them hanging upside down to reach tasty fruit or flowers.
  • Their green feathers are generally well concealed, and it isn’t easy to see them among the leaves.
  • But, they can be noticeable since they can be highly vocal.
  • You can hear trees with different groups calling out to one another. If they feel threatened, the predator could be pushed away by their screams.
  • Their flight is quick and straight. They often visit water sources in the mornings to drink water and feed on algae as well as water snails.


  • They’re about 6 inches (16 centimeters) in length.
  • They look like the species of the same name as mentioned above, except that their Orange border on the front is not present or even absent.
  • A patch of orange is attached to the skin.



  • They measure 7 inches (18 centimeters) long.
  • They resemble the species named above, except that their plumage tends to be more yellow.
  • Adults both are orange with a slim face band and a chin patch of orange.
  • The feathers of the side are bordered by yellow.
  • They’re also more significant than the Golden-winged parakeets of the name.
  • Distribution Northern Brazil, South of Amazon starting from the lower Rio Tapajos, Para, East to Isla de Marajo and Belem up to Northeastern Maranhao

The Scientific Name: Brotogeris chrysopterus tuipara 

  • English: Tuipara Parakeet
  • Dutch: Tuipara Parkiet
  • German: Tuiparasittich
  • French: Petite perruche Touipara

Natural Breeding Behavior:

  • In Surinam, the breeding season begins in November and lasts until April.
  • In the southern region of Mato Grosso, these parakeets generally start breeding in April.
  • Breeding activities can continue through December.
  • They nest at significant levels, usually in the arboreal (above-ground) termite mounds, hollow branches, or dead trees.
  • They excavate the nest chamber of a termite mound, which can hold up to six birds and can occupy a single cavity.
  • They typically form colonies and aid one another in raising young.
  • A typical clutch could comprise 3 to 4 eggs, and there are believed to have two breeding cycles in a year.
  • Each egg is 0.95 ins x 0.84 ins (24.1 21.3 x 21.3 millimeters).
  • Breeding your brotogeris Captive breeding is not often accomplished in the field of Aviculture.
  • If you’re fortunate enough to have breeding pairs, be sure to check out this page for information regarding setting up and keeping your breeding pair.
  • Brotogeris as pets Find out more about their personalities, as well as their care needs.

Call / Vocalization:

  • Their calls range from soft babbling and loud screeching

Species: Scientific Brotogeris Chrysopterus Tenifrons 

  • English: Rio Negro Parakeet
  • Dutch: Rio Negro Goudvleugelparkiet
  • German: Rio Negro Goldflugelsittich
  • French Petite Perruche, A menton orange Friedmann
  • Health and Common Conditions
  • They are healthy and long-lived species With an average lifespan that can exceed 30 years.
  • When paired with a friendly personality, it makes them excellent companions for parrots.
  • It is essential to focus on social interaction, and foremost, lots of space.
  • Don’t let your pet get away by restricting their movement to a cage that is small and not letting them go out.
  • Read this Article Before Buying Birds As Pet:

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