Red Fox

It is a Red Fox. They have red fur on their face. It is the largest of the true foxes. Also, it is one of the rarest mammals in North America. Although they look dangerous, they are not harmful to human beings except few cases. 

Why Choosing Red Fox?

  • Long snouts and red fur on the face, back, sides, and tail are characteristics of this animal. 
  • They have a greyish-white abdomen, chin, and throat. Black feet and wide, pointed ears with a black tip are characteristics of this foxes.
  • The fluffy white-tipped tail of the fox is one of its most distinguishing features.

Scientific Name

Vulpes vulpes 

Read About Their History!

  • They are indigenous to the boreal and western montane regions of North America, but many lowland regions of the country do not know where they came from.
  • At the time of European arrival, they were historically absent from much of the East Coast; it wasn’t until the middle of the 1800s that they started to become common.

Physical Description 


  • They are most frequently red, but they can also be black, silver, or “cross fox,” which is a combination of red and silver.
  • All color stages are distinguished by a conspicuous white tail tip.
  • They use smell, sight, and sound to find prey.

Size & Weight

  • The red foxes height is 39 to 43 inches long, including the tail, and weigh 10 to 11 pounds on average.
  • Males are typically bigger and slightly heavier than females.

Behavior of Red Fox 

Nocturnal Behavior

  • It is primarily nocturnal, though it occasionally goes outside during the day.
  • When adults are searching for food for their young, they are more likely to forage throughout the day.
  • Although this species can swim well, it prefers to go on foot along established paths.

Hunting Behavior

  • In contrast to other mammals, the red fox has excellent low-frequency hearing. It frequently excavates in the snow or mud to capture prey because it can hear small creatures burrowing beneath the surface. 

Flying Behavior

  • Their diet is flexible.
  • They hunt alone and eat rodents, rabbits, and birds. If they dwell close to people, foxes will opportunistically devour pet food and litter.

‘Must Read’-Red Fox Diet

  • Red foxes eating include rodents and rabbits, although they will also consume fruit, birds, and amphibians.
  • Additionally, red foxes will steal food from farms or garbage cans. One of the reasons red foxes have a reputation for being cunning and intelligent is their capacity to obtain food, especially throughout the winter.

Red Fox Habitat

  • In addition to woods, grasslands, mountains, and deserts, red foxes can be found all over the world in a variety of different habitats.
  • Additionally, they easily adapt to human surroundings including farms, suburbs, and even big towns.
  • It has a renowned reputation for intelligence and cunning thanks to its resourcefulness.


  • Foxes in wild can live for two to six years and ten to fourteen years in captivity.

Red Fox Sounds

  • They emit a wide range of noises, such as barks, screams, howls, squeals, and “geeking.”
  • Twelve distinct sounds generated by adults and eight by kits have each been identified by recent investigations. 

How do They Reproduce? 

  • Late December to the end of March is when red foxes breed, with January and February seeing the majority of mating.
  • A female gives birth to her annual litter in a chamber of the den that is lined with grass in March or April, or sometimes later.
  • The average litter size is 6 but ranges from 1 to 11.

Baby Red Fox

  • The baby of the Red fox is known as a cub.
  • Their fur will be short and reddish in hue.
  • They currently eat solid food and weigh between 1-2 pounds.
  • Red foxes wean entirely between the ages of 8 and 10 weeks. When they are about 8 weeks old, they will begin to resemble foxes, with a long snout and long, pointed ears.


  • A red fox is the animal that can range in price significantly.
  • It can range from $500 to $6,000 in value.

Red Fox as a Pet 

  • They don’t make good pets, and in many locations, it is against the law to keep one.
  • Since foxes are not domesticated, they are regarded as wild animals.
  • Foxes don’t adapt well to living indoors, unlike other species like dogs and cats that have been bred to get along with people.

Prey & Predator

  • They mostly eat small rodents and birds.
  • They usually stalk their prey.
  • Natural predators typically kill young pups of red foxes.
  • Coyotes, wolves, and other predators may also attack adult red foxes, but this rarely occurs so they can be eaten. Humans are the main threat to red foxes as predators.

Red Fox Population

  • Sadly, this unusual creature is one of the rarest animals in North America and is now only found in two small populations in California, each of which is thought to contain no more than 50, and probably even fewer than 20, individuals.
  • Many species that were close to extinction were left unprotected by the previous administration.

Conservation & Threat

  • Another threat to the fox is climate change, which has already made the Sierra Nevada hotter and drier and is expected to reduce the fox’s habitat as temperatures rise and force the animal further up mountain slopes.
  • The greatest method to help red foxes is to safeguard their natural environment, preventing development in grasslands and woodlands.
  • Urbanization and development push foxes to live nearer to humans. For foxes, disturbances from urban settings can be quite harmful.

Amazing Facts

  • It is the member of the Carnivora order with the greatest geographic distribution. It may be found on all five continents and in a variety of habitats, from the Arctic Circle to the Sahara Desert.
  • There are other differences besides color among them as well. The red fox has 45 recognized subspecies (by far the most widespread of the fox family).
  • Of the 21 Vulpes vulpes species found worldwide, the red fox is the largest. It possesses a tail that is almost twice as long as its body and an enlarged cranium.
  • They have pierced eyes due to which they have good vision. They use their eyes to navigate deep woodlands and spot little movements from a distance as they run for prey. Also, they have pointed ears due to which they have ultrasonic hearing. 

Reference Link

Red Fox-FAQ 

How big is a Red Fox?

They are between 39 and 43 inches long, including the tail. However, males are slightly bigger than females. 

What does Red Fox like to eat?

They prefer to eat small mammals that look like mice such as gerbils, voles, rabbits, raccoons, and squirrels.

Do foxes eat cats?

Although it is uncommon, foxes occasionally attack (and consume) cats. But typically, this only applies to kittens, or very old or ailing cats. Foxes are opportunistic predators, therefore they will attack something if they believe it to be simple prey.

Why are foxes a Threat?

Numerous issues with foxes can arise in urban settings. As they do in rural regions, they will undoubtedly kill lambs, young goats, and many local animals. Additionally, they will slay small domestic animals and livestock, including rabbits, guinea pigs, chickens, and aviary birds. These are the reason they are considered a threat. 

How do Red Foxes mate?

Red foxes have a single, lifelong partner. The average litter has 4-5 cubs and the gestation period is 53 days. The whelping den, one of numerous dens the vixen keeps around her territory, is where they are born.

How rare is a red fox?

The red fox is a very rare and unique mammal in North America. Their number is decreasing day by day. 

Are red foxes friendly?

They are not dangerous to humans, except when they are infected with rabies. However, having rabies is rare. Sometimes, they may get dangerous when they are captured or handled. It is said that foxes tend to run away instead of fighting. 

What is a red fox good for?

They are very helpful in keeping the environment clean. They eat rats and small mammals thus also play role in maintaining balance in environment.

What is the fox’s favorite food?

They consume many fruits such as blackberries, grapes, apples and acorns. They also like to eat insects, reptiles, fish etc.,  

Do red foxes eat squirrels?

Since they depend on different kinds of prey, they also eat squirrels.