Serval Cat

We’re going to talk about Serval cat today. Cats, like dogs, are cute and loyal, but they can also be harmful. This is a tiny breed. Read this blog to learn more about them, including their etymology, reproduction, and other details.


  • It is an African wild cat of modest size.
  • The African Golden Cat and the Caracal are close relatives of this breed. 
  • It may be found in most sections of Africa, except the arid desert regions north of the Sahara, parts of southern Africa’s western tip, and parts of Central Africa’s tropical rainforests.
  • It has long legs and a short tail and is a small, slender creature.
  • Their ears are long and round, with close spacing between them.
  • Their fur is available in a variety of hues and patterns.

Note: It can be domesticated to a degree, especially if raised with people since kittenhood, but their wild instincts will always remain. Those violent tendencies make keeping a serval cat as a pet difficult and frequently dangerous.

Scientific Name

Leptailurus serval 



  • It is 23 to 36 inches in length at the shoulder and 17 to 24 inches tall.
  • Males are significantly larger than females, but their body shapes and colors are generally identical. 

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  • They can weigh anything from 20 and 44 pounds.


  • It comes in four various colors, the most frequent of which are varied shades of gold with black spots.
  • Solid black (melanistic), white (leucistic), and ‘Servaline’ patterning (small freckling from head to toe) are also possible, but they are quite unusual.



  • They are extremely sensitive to food texture, odor, and taste.
  • They are also affectionate. 


  • It can bond with a human, although they are usually one-person animals.
  • Although they can be loving and aren’t normally violent towards humans, keeping one as a pet is still dangerous.

Food & Diet

  • They consume tiny rodents and birds in the wild.
  • In captivity, you’ll need to choose the cleanest high-protein diets that are compatible with the Savannah cat’s unique digestive tract.

Serval Cat as a Pet

  • They consume tiny rodents and birds in the wild.
  • In captivity, you’ll need to choose the cleanest high-protein diets that are compatible with the Savannah cat’s unique digestive tract.


  • They reproduce all year, with increases in the rainy season (spring to summer) that correspond to an increase in rodent numbers.
  • In a litter, two to three kittens are born on average after two to two and a half months of gestation (pregnancy).


  • Feline Panleukopenia Virus
  • Feline Leukemia Virus
  • Feline Coronavirus
  • Feline Calicivirus

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  • They get its name from a Portuguese phrase that means “wolf-like a deer” (Cervus = deer).
  • It is known in Africa as a ‘bush cat,’ and in Afrikaans (South Africa) as a “tierboskat,” which translates to “tiger bush cat.”


They are classed in their own genus Leptailurus and the full taxonomy or scientific classification of this species is:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivore
  • Suborder: Feliformia 
  • Family: Felidae
  • Subfamily: Felinae
  • Genus: Leptailurus
  • Species: Leptailurus serval
  • Subspecies:
  1. L.s. serval
  2. L.s.constantia
  3. L.s lipostictus


  • The loss and degradation of wetland habitat, which is mostly driven by increased urbanization and land-use changes, is the greatest danger to these cats.
  • The core locations of Serval cat home ranges are wetlands, which have significant rodent concentrations relative to other habitats.

Distribution & Habitat

  • The natural range of Serval cat is limited to Africa, where it has widespread, including wetter habitats across Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • They are not found in the center of tropical rainforests or the north and south western deserts.


  • They favor bushy regions, tall grass, and dry reed beds near streams, but they can also be found in moorlands and bamboo thickets at high altitudes.
  • They can be found across Africa, except in Central Equatorial Africa, the continent’s extreme south, and the Sahara region.


  • It is a medium-sized cat with magnificent spots that are rarely hunted on an African plains game hunt.
  • It is a nocturnal and elusive creature that is rarely observed during the day.
  • If you happen to come across one in South Africa or Namibia while hunting something else, don’t shoot it.

African Serval Cat

  • They are a type of wild cat. They are found in various parts of Africa, where they hunt for prey in savannahs and marshes.
  • They have a dreadful quality of life when kept as pets.
  • These wild cats are around the size of a medium-sized dog, yet they still have wild instincts and are skilled evaders.

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Sale & Price

  • A breeder must start by purchasing at least two cats.
  • Assume that this breeder wants to begin breeding with the F1 generation. He’d need a Serval male costing roughly $5000 for that.
  • The Serval cat F3 or F4 counterpart will cost between $3000 and $5000.

Reference Link

Serval Cat-FAQ

What is the difference between a Serval and a Savannah?

It is an African wild mammal that lives in the wild. A savannah cat, on the other hand, is a cat breed that is a cross between a wild serval and a domestic cat. They’re both intelligent and have comparable colors and patterns, yet they’re from different generations.

How much does a Serval Cost?

Servals and Caracals, for example, cost between $1700.00 and $2800.00, while Ocelots can cost up to $15,000.00. The higher the price, the rarer the cat. 

Are Serval violent?

Sure, they’re loving and usually don’t attack humans, but keep in mind that this is still a wild animal. They have innate instincts that must be satisfied.

Is Serval safe?

Servals, on the other hand, are classified as hazardous wild animals under the Dangerous Wild Animals Act of 1976, and must be kept under license. When these and other dangerous wild animals are kept as pets or used for birthday celebrations, “cuddle” sessions, and “meet and greets,” Born Free is highly worried.

Is it possible to keep a Serval as a pet?

They aren’t legal everywhere in the U.S. They are entirely prohibited to own in several states. In others, you will need to obtain a license. Other states, including South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Alabama, Nevada, Wisconsin, and Idaho, allow you to own a serval cat without a license.”